The Republic of Guinea Conakry is a West African band in sub-Saharan Africa between Senegal and Sierra Leone.
The Portuguese were the first to arrive in Guinea, in the fifteenth century, opening the slave trade, depopulating the country and associating this area the sad name of the Slave Coast.
Former French colony, was occupied in 1890, gained independence in referendum in 1958, but France did not respond diplomatically to the referendum and left the country immediately, without training the next generation of bureaucrats, leaving the country in a state of confusion, from then until 2010 have followed three governments ruled dictatorially.
Ahmed Sékou Touré, was elected through democratic elections in 1957, but he install a Socialistic dictatorship ruling for 27 years until 1984, was not respectful of human rights and freedom of expression, he realized a strong media dictatorship and let imprisoned alleged or actual opponents in gulag.
Despite was a dictator has revived the economy and dignity Guinea nationalizing structures and establishing the national ballet to share the tradition as a cultural renaissance.
On the death of Toure a transitional caretaker government was established, immediately overthrown by another coup d’etat by Lansana Conté, his government does not improve things indeed, corruption increases, poverty and repression continue.
In January 2007 there was a month of nationwide protests that brought thousands of Guineans in the streets to protest against the president and his long term. The protests have been repressed after heavy clashes between demonstrators and police, which caused about 90 deaths and 300 injured.
The Guinean president instead of listening to the dissatisfaction call a curfew of 20 hours on 24 across the country, in a state of siege decreed for a month.
On the death of the dictator continues the tradition of “I have a shotgun so I’m in charge” and the Guinean army implements a coup d’etat with which the Captain Moussa Dadis Camara, stands at the helm of the state, announcing elections for 2010.
In 2009, Moussa Dadis Camara candidate himself for next year’s elections, the country does not accept the insult of a Democratic nomination by a tyrant, and falls again massively to the streets. The government repress the event in the blood, causing 157 dead, thousands injured and encouraging soldiers to execute racial rapes. Families affected are parties in a civil trial held in 2012 that does not give theme justice, the people have responded to the verdict with a strike “ville mort”, services are reduced, but instead of taking to the streets they stay at home.
But the violence and injustice can do nothing against the discontent of the population, and in November 2010 for the first time in more than 50 years were held elections judged to be relatively free and fair, although talking to people it seems that their vote does not was given according to the program, but more on ethnicity basis, proving that he does not have a political consciousness developed. From this election winner comes out the leader of the opposition party Alpha Condé. The current president, former partisan against French colonialism, in September 2001 he was arrested by the government Toure as the main member of the opposition.
Condè promette una riqualificazione delle strutture pubbliche, luce e strade in un piano quinquennale ed ha inserito ministeri che prima non esistevano come quello della cultura.
His story makes him a hope of justice for the Guinean population that supports it enthusiastically, but part of the population has already fed up of waiting for a better future, not seeing great improvements.
In April 2013 he still have not nominated a parliament and his politics does not goes far away from the previous dictator.
Following allegations of fraud at the polls were proposed new elections, continuosly postponed until today.
The population has been disappointed by the violent solution that this “democratic” government has chosen to implement against the demonstrations of recent years, maintaining the same line as the previous dictatorships.
Basically what is still missing is a plan for the exploitation of geo water, since with 1300 rivers water there is, but the lack of infrastructure, the city of Conakry still suffers from water rationing.
However, there is a plan for the distribution of electricity, also rationed and distributed to all at the same time, paradoxically, during the Africa Cup of Nations when the government, in case the games Guinea, provides energy to the whole capital! For the Africa Cup of Nations 2012, a single consignment has not been visible in some areas of the city.
Guinea is not recognized as nation from the Italian government that does not have an embassy on the territory, making it difficult for the issuing of visas that has to pass by the French embassy.
The economic conditions in Guinea is very poor: about 50% of Guineans are living below the poverty line, despite the country meets the 2/3 of the world’s reserves of bauxite (used to produce aluminum), gold, uranium, diamonds , precious stones and huge agricultural potential, the greed and corruption of the wealthy class engulfs the entire profit of the market.
The Guinea does not come out in European newspapers, his history has been made of protests and written in blood, but our newspapers do not care yet, since its rate of poverty and low incision in the marketthat the country have. So it is up to us, that we care more of human then the market to report his history.